Keywords: Refugee law, European asylum law, mass influx, involuntary migration, Common European Asylum System, temporary protection
Abstract: The paper deals with response of the EU Member States, and of the European Union as a whole, to the mass influx of persons in 2015. The paper defines the basic concepts followed by a description of possible approaches to the issue by the states. It analyses steps which are preconditions for the choice of a legal response and which enable the states to become active creators of their response. It argues that the States must decide whether their response to the situation should be the response of an individual state, or whether they should delegate more powers in the field of migration to the European Union. The author sees the European approach as appropriate and argues for temporary protection as a provisional solution even though it is almost late for it.